Paul Ehrlich proposed idea of using a drug that would selectively find and kill. Wikipedia. Antibiotic resistance is the ability of a bacterium to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe. Tackling antibiotic resistance is a high priority for WHO. pathogen, but not harm human cells (early 1900’s) 2. "Pseudomonas Aeruginosa." In such cases, resistant gene has been transferred by horizontal gene transfer; mainly by conjugation. Narrated lecture (31 min) covering e.g. Medical microbiologists are pathologists who diagnose and treat infectious diseases. The global action plan aims to ensure prevention and treatment of infectious diseases with safe and effective medicines. 1. Basis of antimicrobial chemotherapy (drug therapy) B. The problem of antibiotic resistant was infrequent soon after the discovery of antibiotics by Alexander Fleming. Antibiotic resistance: The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to resist the effects of an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive. When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, it makes it more difficult to treat diseases caused by … A global action plan on antimicrobial resistance, including antibiotic resistance, was endorsed at the World Health Assembly in May 2015. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Apr. Each year in the U.S., at least 2.8 million people get an antibiotic-resistant infection, and more than 35,000 people die. Also known as drug resistance. History of Antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to resist the effects of antibiotics, a type of drug - such as penicillin or ciprofloxacin - that kills or stops the growth of bacteria. Antibiotic resistance and microbiology . Antibiotics are life-saving medications that we rely on to prevent and treat many infections caused by bacteria. 2013. 7. They study pathogens: organisms that cause disease, such as viruses, fungi or bacteria. References. But the efficiency of antibiotics is compromised by a growing number of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Discovery of Penicillin (1928) 1. The term antibiotic resistance is a subset of Antimicrobial Resistance. Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise and is the result of selection of drug-resistant strains in clinical environments, the overuse and misuse of antibacterials, the use of subtherapeutic doses of antibacterial drugs, and poor patient compliance with antibacterial drug therapies. Microbiologists perform tests to find out which antibiotics will be most useful in stopping an infection. The Microbiology Module addresses the intricate science behind the antibiotic resistance phenomenon. : Eric’s Medical Lectures: Antibiotic Resistance : Slide show. A. I. “Magic Bullet” concept (early 1900’s) 1. Microbiology. Resource: Description: Armando Hasudungan: Bacteria Antibiotic Resistance: Video that explains the basics of some different antibiotic resistance mechanisms in bacteria (13 min) and how resistance genes can be transferred between bacteria. Antibiotic resistance gene in intestinal pathogens has been found to be transferred from E. coli which dwells in intestine. Antibiotics represent one of the most successful forms of therapy in medicine. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives. Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest public health challenges of our time. Fighting this threat is a public health priority that requires a collaborative global approach across sectors. It will explain what takes place within the bacterial cell to enable antimicrobial resistance and how it can be detected and measured. 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